Other Foreign entries
El Golfo, Lanzarote


Dr Richard Unitt –
University College Cork

Blocks of weakly bonded scoria rest on the internal face of a weathered volcanic cone at El Golfo, Lanzarote.
March 2013


William Starkey –
Kinross-shire, Scotland

Location - ridge between Pico Ruivo and Pico de Arieiro, Madeira
Geological context - volcanism in Maderia, dykes and sills in Madeira's central mountains. The scale of the dyke can be estimated in comparison to the people walking towards the tunnel in the lower right of the image. Madeira's geology dates to the Miocene, with more localised volcanic events occurring subsequently up to pre-historic times. The central mountains of Madeira (shown in the image) are believed to represent the oldest rocks on the island.
October, 2011

Krakatoa eruption

Dian Adijaya Susanto – Jakarta, Indonesia

Amazing Krakatoa eruption. September 2nd, 2012.

Punta di Maiata


Leo Melay –
Milltown, Dublin 6

This photograph was taken by me when I was on a course field trip at the Punta Di Maiata marl cliffs in Sicily on 28/09/13.
This cliff section was constructed by different sediments that were deposited by humid and arid phases of climate associated with Milankovitch cycles - the cyclicity pattern of the beds are linked to the different orbital cycles.

Salt flats, Bolivia

Martin Critchley –
Co. Wicklow

The high plateaus of Bolivia are cold and experience very little rainfall. Here a once large inland sea has evaporated to give the salt and potash flats of the Salar de Uyuni. The salt flat covers nearly 11,000 sq Km and contains 50% to 70% of the world’s lithium resources. Lithium is an ingredient of lithium-ion batteries and the Salar is of vast economic importance to Bolivia. A curious side of the salt flat is its ability to suppress perceptions of perspective depth and this photograph shows a distant person apparently shrunk to fit in the palm of the hand.

Rock formation, Bolivia

Ruth McDonagh – Barna, Galway

“Facing the Wind” beautiful and strange Rock Formations sculpted by wind and sand on the high Andean Altiplano in Bolivia. Picture taken March 2006.


Lily Cheah –
Cashel, Co. Tipperary

Rigi is a massif in central Switzerland, this view of the alps was taken in the Rigi Kulm of central Switzerland—2012

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